Freedom4um

Status: Not Logged In; Sign In

History
See other History Articles

Title: The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
Source: [None]
URL Source: https://www.history.com/topics/amer ... -of-fort-ticonderoga#section_3
Published: May 20, 2020
Author: HISTORY.COM EDITORS
Post Date: 2020-09-09 18:26:13 by BTP Holdings
Keywords: None
Views: 21
Comments: 4

The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

UPDATED: MAY 20, 2020 ORIGINAL: MAR 8, 2010

HISTORY.COM EDITORS

Located on Lake Champlain in northeastern New York, Fort Ticonderoga served as a key point of access to both Canada and the Hudson River Valley during the French and Indian War. On May 10, 1775, Benedict Arnold joined Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys of Vermont in a dawn attack on the fort, surprising and capturing the sleeping British garrison. Although it was a small-scale conflict, the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga was the first American victory of the Revolutionary War, and would give the Continental Army much-needed artillery to be used in future battles.

Background of Fort Ticonderoga

In 1755, French settlers in North America began building a military fortification, Fort Carillon, on the western shore of Lake Champlain. Because of its location, which offered access to both Canada and the Hudson River Valley, the fort saw more fighting during the French and Indian War than any other post. In July 1758, British forces unsuccessfully attacked the fort, suffering heavy casualties. Under the command of General Jeffrey Amherst, the British returned the following year and were able to defeat the French, who destroyed much of Fort Carillon and withdrew to Canada.

Did you know? The name "Ticonderoga" was derived from an Iroquois word meaning "between two waters," or "where the waters meet."

With the fort now under their control, the British renamed it Fort Ticonderoga. By April 1775, when hostilities broke out between colonial militiamen and British soldiers at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts, the British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga numbered barely 50 men.

A Surprise Attack

Fort Ticonderoga was located directly across Lake Champlain from Vermont, where the Green Mountain Boys–a militia organized in 1770 to defend the property rights of local landowners–joined the revolutionary effort without hesitation. On the morning of May 10, 1775, fewer than a hundred of these militiamen, under the joint command of their leader, Ethan Allen, and Benedict Arnold, crossed Lake Champlain at dawn, surprising and capturing the still-sleeping British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga.

As the first rebel victory of the Revolutionary War, the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga served as a morale booster and provided key artillery for the Continental Army in that first year of war. Cannons captured at Fort Ticonderoga would be used during the successful Siege of Boston the following spring. Because of its location, the fort would also serve as a staging ground for Continental troops before their planned invasion of British-held territory in Canada.

The Revolution & Beyond

Also in 1776, a fleet of small warships under the command of Benedict Arnold fought the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain. In July 1777, Fort Ticonderoga changed hands again, after British General John Burgoyne managed to place a cannon on Mount Defiance and force Ticonderoga’s garrison under General Arthur St. Clair to evacuate. The Redcoats finally abandoned the fort permanently that November, following Burgoyne’s surrender at Saratoga.

In the years following the Revolutionary War, no military regiment would occupy Fort Ticonderoga, though at times the fort provided shelter for scouting parties or raiding detachments. In 1816, a New York merchant named William F. Pell began leasing the grounds of the fort. He bought the property in 1820, building a summer home there known as The Pavilion, which in 1840 was converted into a hotel to house a growing numbers of tourists in the area. In 1908, Stephen Pell began a restoration of Fort Ticonderoga; the fort opened to the public as a tourist attraction the following year.


Poster Comment:

The cannons from Fort Ticonderoga were transported to Boston Harbor so the colonials could lay siege to British warships at anchor in the harbor.

Post Comment   Private Reply   Ignore Thread  


TopPage UpFull ThreadPage DownBottom/Latest

#1. To: BTP Holdings (#0)

Cannons captured at Fort Ticonderoga would be used during the successful Siege of Boston the following spring

And a remarkable feat that was. Washington sent a Boston shopkeeper, Henry Knox, to Ft. Ticonderoga to bring back the canon. Not a military man but a shopkeeper with a 5th grade education, Knox managed to transport 120,000 point of guns over 300 miles of snow and ice using oxen, horses and men.

Ft. Knox is named for him.

Ada  posted on  2020-09-09   18:59:26 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#2. To: Ada (#1)

And a remarkable feat that was. Washington sent a Boston shopkeeper, Henry Knox, to Ft. Ticonderoga to bring back the canon. Not a military man but a shopkeeper with a 5th grade education, Knox managed to transport 120,000 point of guns over 300 miles of snow and ice using oxen, horses and men.

Ft. Knox is named for him.

It was quite a feat indeed.

Plus did you know that Ft. Knox is empty of its gold? The Federal Reserve has taken it as collateral on the debt. The only gold in Ft. Knox is from melted coins which is only 90% pure.

The gold is in the sub-basement of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. It is said there is enough gold there to fill three Olympic size swimming pools. ;)

"When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall, one by one." Edmund Burke

BTP Holdings  posted on  2020-09-09   19:48:20 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#3. To: BTP Holdings (#2)

The gold is in the sub-basement of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. It is said there is enough gold there to fill three Olympic size swimming pools. ;)

I've seen the gold rooms at the Federal Reserve of NY; and IIRC not enough gold to fill one ordinary swimming pool.

Ada  posted on  2020-09-09   22:40:44 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#4. To: Ada (#3)

not enough gold to fill one ordinary swimming pool.

No wonder the FED told Germany it would take them 10 years to get their gold back to them. It looks as if they have been leasing it out, or something of that nature. ;)

"When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall, one by one." Edmund Burke

BTP Holdings  posted on  2020-09-10   13:21:16 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


TopPage UpFull ThreadPage DownBottom/Latest