Small unit tactics are more than just a matter of either superior arms or numerical advantages.
lright, we have done a couple of articles on Knowing Yourself, and Knowing Your Enemy. Now that everyone knows one another, lets take it to another level. As a single individual, as a family member, or operating in a group, after it hits the fan, you will have to fight eventually. You will not be able to avoid it and hunker down until the cavalry comes, because it will be in your neighborhood and the cavalry isnt coming to your rescue.
Weve discussed Fabian Tactics in previous articles. These were based on the exploits of Quintus Fabius Maximus in the First Punic War between Carthage and Rome. Hit and Run tactics exemplify their description: strike a numerically superior larger force at a time and place of your choosing, and then break contact. Fade back into the forest, hide, and avoid further combat until the next engagement of your choice.
Lessons from the Roman Army for Post-SHTF Combat Operations
Lets fix em: set the enemy up and zap em! Lets do a few things that the Romans were famous for
using these techniques here and now.
Choose the Ground: Yes, you choose the place you will engage them. Along with this, you pick the time of day, the formation of the attack, the objective, and the criteria for withdrawal. You choose it. As an individual, you would be sniping. As a group (depending on your numbers and composition), you can engage in operations limited by your size. Choosing the ground means also to actively recon the enemy and not allow him to choose it and catch you unawares. Prep the Ground: The Roman Army were masters of this task. They scouted the area and with thorough intel, they knew where their enemies were, actions these people planned on taking, and avenues of approach. They cut timber and created obstacles of logs interlaced with natural barbed wire in the form of thorns and thistles
along with spikes and stakes, to limit enemy cavalry. Long before William Wallace of Braveheart was ever a thought, the Roman legions spread out hay soaked with pitch and oil in areas where enemy foot soldiers would move, and applied flaming arrows when the time was right. They always took the high ground when possible, and used the natural terrain features (cliffs, rivers, etc.) to form boundaries to help them channel the enemy.
Always Fight with the Sun at your Back: The Romans positioned themselves and attacked to place the sun in the eyes of their enemies. I know, I know: the enemy has Ray-Bans, right? No, it worked for the Viet Cong as well. When theyre looking into the sun, theyre at a severe disadvantage. Use the sun. Use the terrain. Live with the land and live.
SPECVLATORES- the Speculatores
the deep-cover operatives
the Special Forces and Reconnaissance warriors of the Roman Empire. You need operatives in your unit with the ability to do deep penetration of an enemys defenses
whether in their midst unsuspectingly or observing them from a nearby locale
operating on their own ground unbeknownst to them. You need one or two people who can get the job done
and provide you with the deep-cover intel youll need to make decisions. Alliances The enemy of my enemy is my friend. Not always so, but you can use such rifts to your advantage
with other groups who your enemy is at odds with. Here is where diplomacy, teamwork, and political acumen/savvy comes into play. These non-combat skills are just as important to fixing your enemy as any of the actual missions you will undertake to defeat him. Be skilled at making alliances, and do not make them just for the sake of socializing. It is an art that we will cover more in-depth in future pieces.
Feed Them Disinformation: Yes, the Romans were very adept at sending messages or planting information that was false. This regarded their strengths, their movements, supplies, and reinforcements. Sun Tzu was not the only one with a knowledge of how to monopolize disinformation, and he wasnt the first to employ it.
Lure Them and Stake Em the Roman Army would plant different things out in front of an approaching enemy force in order to delay and distract them
making them ripe for an attack or ambush. You can do the same, and make it fall in line with the enemy youll be facing. Quick question: How many of you have Russian or Chinese canned delicacies, such as Borscht or caviar for the former, or imported Chinese canned foods and fineries for the latter? Because you may be able to use it to lure such if they ever come to this country
and set a trap on or in it, or place shooters in an overwatch position overlooking it. Because you may need prisoners, and what better way to lure them in than with a carton of their own cigarettes, their own liquor that they would think to be safe? Be advised: SAVE YOUR RECEIPTS FROM THE STORE YOU BOUGHT IT! This is because in the times to come if anyone ever suspects you of collaborating with them
you can show the receipts that you bought it all long before the conflict began, and give them an explanation of why you bought it all. This may keep you from being shot by your own countrymen.
The Violence of Action in a Controlled Manner the Romans did not win their mastery over all of Europe and most of the Middle East by conducting drill and ceremony. They were trained, skilled killers and understood that the thing that made the Empire possible was the discipline and aggression of the individual legionnaire.
A Perfect Chain of Command Modern militaries all have a chain of command and an order of succession for someone to fill the vacancy at all levels when a commander buys the farm, so to speak. You need to enable each member of your team to be able to step into the shoes and position of the leader and take charge to continue with the mission. Discipline: this encompasses all areas. A guerrilla fighter, whether fighting off marauders from a neighboring town post SHTF, or a tyrannical, oppressive government, or a foreign invader
the guerrilla needs to be disciplined. Physical toughness, adherence to standard operating procedures (SOPs), a cool head and iron nerves, and endurance
the ability to keep this up for years
to go the distance. These are the things that the Romans kept focused upon and central to their legions for many centuries.
In conclusion, small unit tactics are more than just a matter of either superior arms or numerical advantages. They are based on common sense and knowing how to plan out your objectives, as well as a plan of attack. You will have to be the David going against the Goliath, and although not shirking from battle, picking the time and place of your engagement, and the conditions and standards you will set to achieve those objectives. It is no guarantee of success, but you are guaranteed to perform better with the proper planning, training, and clarity of purpose prior to a battle. It can mean the difference between success and failure, life or death. In this vein, I highly encourage you to study more about the Roman Army and the warfare in ancient times. Take the time to clean the tarnished pitcher and you may just find a silver piece made by Revere. The knowledge is there: seek after it and make your future rather than just allowing it to happen to you.