[Home]  [Headlines]  [Latest Articles]  [Latest Comments]  [Post]  [Sign-in]  [Mail]  [Setup]  [Help]  [Register] 

Status: Not Logged In; Sign In

California's Danger Zones: 5 Counties With Highest Homicide Rates

Blood Proteins Can Predict The Risk Of Developing More Than 60 Diseases

The Salary Needed To Buy A Home In 50 US Cities In 2024

Farage Calls for Referendum on European Convention on Human Rights (Immigration)

Major labor unions urge Biden to halt military aid to Israel

UK covers up Gaza spy footage from day of aid worker massacre

Israeli Parliament Advances Legislation that Calls UN Aid Agency a Terrorist Group

BORDER TRUTH - The Big Cities Are Full

Mike Benz Drops a BOMBSHELL: FBI Has Tape of January 6 Pipe Bomber

Harris Reverts To Prosecutor Role In First Campaign Rally

EMERGENCY ADDRESS OVER BIDEN COUP, BARRICADES NOW UP AROUND WHITE HOUSE | Redacted w Clayton Morris [Livestream in progress]

If You Thought Biden Was Bad, Here Are Kamala's Promises...

Funny Money: ActBlue Accused Of "MASSIVE Money Laundering Operation" As Trump Files FEC Complaint Over $91M Transfer To Kamala

More Agency Weaponization? Secret Service Tells Trump To Stop Having Outdoor Rallies

Man Runs Over 80-Year-Old [who was placing a] Trump Sign In Yard, Then Kills Himself

Houthis Next Target

Elon Musk: Where are we with dollar value destruction?

Hackers STole DOD Data

I was told this was a conspiracy theory. ItÂ’s actually a 177-page UN report.

It Begins NYC Thieves Start Raiding Restaurants

The Percentage Of Americans That Worry They Wont Be Able To Pay Their Bills Is Higher Than It Was During The Great Recession

Warning to 3 billion Chrome users as Google scraps protection plan

Unknown Source on Sea Floor is Producing Large Amounts of Oxygen

In Historic Shift, British Newspapers Begin Warning of Perils of Cashless-Society After Global IT Outage

Majority of people now say it's impossible to achieve American Dream no matter how hard you work

American Surgeon Who Volunteered in Gaza Says IDF Snipers Shoot Toddlers

Robby Starbucks Anti-Woke Crusade Expands: Time To Expose Harley Davidson

What the top UN courts ruling means for Israel

Russian Iskander Strike Destroyed Dozens Of NATO Mercenaries Hiding In Kharkiv Region

British farmers are being paid to leave crops rotting in the ground or to plant food for the birds


Business/Finance
See other Business/Finance Articles

Title: Alexandre Lindo (1742–1812), the tycoon of Kingston
Source: Medium
URL Source: https://medium.com/@yousopar1/alexa ... ycoon-of-kingston-7e06602db44a
Published: Sep 23, 2021
Author: Yousopar
Post Date: 2023-11-26 00:52:47 by Dakmar
Keywords: None
Views: 346
Comments: 5

Who has ever heard of Alexandre Lindo, the meganégrier? Not many people I imagine. Even Hugh Thomas [1] does not seem to know who this Lindo was, since he ranks him among the slavers who are “not very important”.
This is to say if Jewish historians have been very discreet about this yet eminent member of their community. Alex Lindo. Sephardic Jew born in Bordeaux in 1742, the city where he grew up. As a teenager, as was the tradition with the S&P, he toured the slave ports (Amsterdam, London, Bristol) to learn his future trade.

His years of training ended, he went to seek his fortune in the Caribbean (1765). Rather than settling in St Domingue, where the position of the Jews remains uncertain, he chooses to put his luggage in Kingston, where he knows he can count on the support of a large Sephardic community.
At first, he made a living by buying back the booty that the corsairs brought back to Kingston, and which he sold at the best price.
Then, in 1775, he entered the slave trade. Lindo becomes a “postman”: he collects the cargoes of kushim when they arrive at the port, then he puts them on sale; 300, 400, 500 slaves at once. An orgy.
Quickly, this activity takes enormous proportions. During the 1780s, it alone absorbed about a quarter of the slaves who landed in Kingston, the main gateway to Jamaica.
In December 1789, he was summoned by the Joint Committee on the Slave Trade to explain the abnormally high mortality recorded on one of his ships, The King Pepple, from Benin. On that day, the Jew deplores the loss of “about 170 negroes”. (He does not remember the exact number.)
Over the next decade (1790 ‘), he teamed up with a Protestant merchant and further increased his market share: nearly a third of the Negroes distributed in Kingston passed through his account books.
Lindo didn’t just sell in the local market; he re-exported part of his kushim to other destinations in the Caribbean, or to North America. For example, in the early 1790s, he shipped several cargoes to the Tiburon peninsula, in Santo Domingo.
The Bordelais is then at the top of his art. At this date, it is probably the most important slave ship in the Caribbean.
Lindo is not just a simple slave trader. He is a real tycoon of the slave trade (he was also nicknamed “the tycoon”). He manages entire wagons of women, men and children. It has its own fleet of ships and its own pier, which bears its name (the Lindo wharf). In fact, he owns almost an entire neighborhood. He had large warehouses built for himself where he stored his arrivals of slaves while waiting to put them up for sale.
*
Over the years, it has continued to expand its activities. He bought himself a first plantation, then a second, which he had cultivated by hundreds of slaves. It also owns a rum distillery. Later, in London, he created a bank.
Lindo also had the largest house in all of Kingston built. Not just ostentatiously: he needs room to house the twenty-three children given to him by his two successive wives, and whom he has brought up by about thirty interior Negroes. A dozen horse-drawn vehicles are piled up in his garage.
The Bordelais were part of the top of colonial society; he dined regularly at the governor’s table.
*
In 1795, believing that his presence in Jamaica was no longer really necessary, Lindo chose to move to London. From now on it is his son, Abraham, who will manage the family’s affairs in the Jamaican capital.
Alexander was still only fifty-three years old; no question of retiring. From London, he continues to work; he devotes himself to his bank, the Lindo bank. He advances money to shipowners who participate in the trade. He makes sure his son over there in Kingston has no shortage of niggas coming in. He even armed his own slavers from Liverpool in 1800 [2], 1805 and 1807 [1147/1037].
As abolitionist ideas gain ground in England, Lindo is among those who are fighting back. He went so far as to publish a booklet to defend trafficking.
The tycoon was said to be a “zealous Jew [3]”. He will not hesitate to disinherit his eldest daughter, Hannah, because he would not forgive her for having departed by marrying a goy.
Lindo regularly attended the Bevis Marks Synagogue and was one of the community’s most generous donors. Moreover, he will be elected president of the congregation. The London S&P felt, in fact, that his profile as a mega-driver corresponded perfectly to the image they wanted to give of their community.
*
It is difficult to say precisely how much Lindo father and son will have sold kushim in their forty-year career (1770–1810). At least 20,000 I would say. During all these years, they will also have owned and exploited several thousand slaves as agricultural workers, servants or dockers.
*
Notes:
[1] Hugh Thomas is the author of a voluminous synthesis on the transatlantic slave trade. He compares Alexander Lindo to Philip Hart, a minor slave trader from Charleston. What he’s wrong: Lindo was a major player in the British slave trade.
[2] In 1800, his slave ship — Esther Lindo — delivered his cargo to French Guyana.
[3] James Picciotto (1875). Sketches of Anglo-Jewish history.

*
Illustrations:
1. Alexander Lindo, the tycoon
2. A shot of Lindo warehouses in Kingston, where he stored his blacks before putting them up for sale.
3. The descendants of Jamaican slaves are not too resentful: they still have a street named Lindo, where his warehouses once stood. Funny detail: the street overlooks a Marcus Garvey avenue.


Poster Comment:

Jews on Yahoo really hate me, lol.

Post Comment   Private Reply   Ignore Thread  


TopPage UpFull ThreadPage DownBottom/Latest

#1. To: Dakmar (#0)

Jews on Yahoo really hate me, lol.

Good! If a truth person isn't hated, he's not doing his job. I've been hissed at by SPLC, ADL, Creative Loafing etc. Will you point us to your Yahoo work?

_____________________________________________________________

USA! USA! USA! Bringing you democracy, or else! there were strains of VD that were incurable, and they were first found in the Philippines and then transmitted to the Korean working girls via US military. The 'incurables' we were told were first taken back to a military hospital in the Philippines to quietly die. – 4um

NeoconsNailed  posted on  2023-11-26   1:26:46 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#2. To: NeoconsNailed (#1)

Will you point us to your Yahoo work?

Hell no, lol. I had to flee from Facebook over flack for my views, but I think Yahoo might really, really like me. :)

“I am not one of those weak-spirited, sappy Americans who want to be liked by all the people around them. I don’t care if people hate my guts; I assume most of them do. The important question is whether they are in a position to do anything about it. My affections, being concentrated over a few people, are not spread all over Hell in a vile attempt to placate sulky, worthless shits.” - William S Burroughs

Dakmar  posted on  2023-12-02   20:57:43 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#3. To: Dakmar (#2)

Oh c'mon -- we'll just look.

_____________________________________________________________

USA! USA! USA! Bringing you democracy, or else! there were strains of VD that were incurable, and they were first found in the Philippines and then transmitted to the Korean working girls via US military. The 'incurables' we were told were first taken back to a military hospital in the Philippines to quietly die. – 4um

NeoconsNailed  posted on  2023-12-03   19:47:27 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#4. To: NeoconsNailed (#1) (Edited)

Will you point us to your Yahoo work?

Let's start with with my sage observations on Nextdoor.com, shall we? :)

Neighborly advice: Cutting the mufflers off of a 90hp four cylinder car doesn't make it a custom hotrod. What you have now is an annoying piece of crap.

“I am not one of those weak-spirited, sappy Americans who want to be liked by all the people around them. I don’t care if people hate my guts; I assume most of them do. The important question is whether they are in a position to do anything about it. My affections, being concentrated over a few people, are not spread all over Hell in a vile attempt to placate sulky, worthless shits.” - William S Burroughs

Dakmar  posted on  2023-12-07   21:38:46 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#5. To: Dakmar (#4)

So it's about cars? Nextdoor is all blank -- for me at least.

_____________________________________________________________

USA! USA! USA! Bringing you democracy, or else! there were strains of VD that were incurable, and they were first found in the Philippines and then transmitted to the Korean working girls via US military. The 'incurables' we were told were first taken back to a military hospital in the Philippines to quietly die. – 4um

NeoconsNailed  posted on  2023-12-08   2:41:24 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


TopPage UpFull ThreadPage DownBottom/Latest


[Home]  [Headlines]  [Latest Articles]  [Latest Comments]  [Post]  [Sign-in]  [Mail]  [Setup]  [Help]  [Register]